Carpet patterns play a very important role in the formation of the overall style.
Throughout history, different regions and different periods have their own unique pattern types. These patterns reflect the local customs, cultural deposits, aesthetic interests and other aspects of the time, constituting what people usually call pattern style.
There are many ways to classify patterns, and scholars have made great efforts to better summarize and divide them, but there is still no comprehensive way to classify them, so there is no single standard for the classification of patterns, which enriches the cross and categories of patterns, not limited to a certain aspect. For example, according to the geographical division, there are Egyptian patterns, Greek patterns, Persian patterns, European patterns, Chinese patterns, Japanese patterns, Indian patterns, Thai patterns, Scottish patterns, Nordic patterns, etc. If divided according to the chronological order, it can be divided into Inca period patterns, Byzantine period patterns, Napoleonic period patterns, Ming dynasty patterns, Qing dynasty patterns, Art Nouveau period patterns, modern patterns, contemporary patterns, etc. Another example is that according to the pattern modeling classification, can be divided into realistic patterns, decorative patterns, geometric patterns, abstract patterns, etc., can be seen in the richness of the pattern type. In the soft furnishing design, the designer should master the most is how to use the pattern to shape the overall style of soft furnishing fabric, rather than stay in the study of the characteristics and types of the pattern itself
(1) Floral Pattern
In carpet patterns design, the floral pattern is also an eternal subject matter, which exists in various styles of design. Floral patterns are mainly divided into two kinds of realistic floral patterns and realistic floral patterns, which have the richest pattern variations and color variations, and are also more suitable to produce a sense of intimacy with people. Floral patterns present different feelings through flower size, sparseness, and composition, which are the main patterns of carpet fabrics and the most decorative patterns.
Whether abstract or figurative, its use and design must be guided by the aesthetic law to show the lively form of beauty. Floral patterns in the processing method to achieve the main and secondary distinct, interspersed in an orderly manner, the size of the form to be different, to achieve the appropriate simple and complex, dynamic and static corresponding, real and imaginary look and other dialectical unity.
(2) Animal Pattern
Traditional carpet patterns often appear in the dragon, phoenix, tiger, lion, horse, bird, and other thematic patterns, not only because of the decorative effect of its graphics but also because of the auspicious meaning, people love. These animal motifs have obvious characteristics and are more symbolic than floral motifs, and have traditionally served as the classic motifs of Chinese patterns. In traditional Western patterns, animal motifs of grotesque shapes are associated with mythological stories and are often used in patterns, such as the half-lion and half-vulture patterns of the Byzantine period and the unicorn patterns of the medieval period. In modern times, animal motifs are more widely used, for example, westerners love horsemanship, thus giving rise to classic horse-riding motifs such as the Hermes brand. Nowadays, various animal and bird patterns, shells, and sea creatures are flexibly used on various fabrics. Animal patterns bring different pattern expressions to fabrics, which can express the harmony between animals and nature, as well as between animals and human beings. Such as insects and birds and other patterns, although small, is a supporting role in the printing and dyeing patterns, but often play the effect of the finishing touch.
(3) Geometric Patterns
Geometric carpet patterns can be said to be representative of modern design. Modernism’s planar composition method provides systematic theoretical support for the design of geometric patterns. At the rise of modernism, designers thought that modern design should be abandoned all decoration, so geometric patterns composed of points, lines, and surfaces represent a kind of minimalist visual elements that were widely used. This view continued until the Art Deco period until the boundary between geometry and decoration was broken, and patterns with traditional meaning began to combine with geometric patterns, such as the combination of traditional Egyptian paper gauze patterns and geometric patterns, and the combination of traditional Japanese paper fan graphics and geometric patterns, which later became the typical representatives of Art Deco patterns.
Of course, geometric patterns are not the only representative of modern styles but have been used in all areas of life from ancient times to the present. From the ancient pottery to the present-day daily necessities, from the frescoes of Dunhuang to the wallpaper design today, all can see the design of geometric pattern modeling, such as the traditional Chinese brocade pattern has the hexagonal, circular, diamond, back pattern and other geometric patterns. Traditional geometric patterns are more emphasis on the beautiful metaphor, generally more colorful, simple, and repetitive shape, with the taste of handicraft. Modern geometric patterns show strong visual impact and visual tension, more mechanical, cool, and simple colors, using software design or computer computing and geometric patterns, with the flavor of industrialization.
Strip pattern is one of the classic geometric patterns, when people first learn to weave fabric, they know how to weave strip pattern with color weaving, it seems that every nation has its own national characteristics of the stripe pattern fabric, and now the most familiar strip pattern is the strip fabric unique to the Scottish region.
(4) Texture Pattern
The so-called texture is the natural texture of the surface or section of natural objects that can be perceived by sight or touch. From macroscopic world to microscopic world, there are a lot of texture materials, such as wood grain, stone grain, water grain, plant texture, fabric texture, tie-dye effect, ink flow effect, etc. The texture pattern does not appear as a specific figure but forms a misleading effect with a sense of touch by imitating the texture of texture in a certain environment. In addition to imitating marble, wood grain, tile, leather, etc., texture patterns also include the textures of various non-figurative graphics, such as texture effects formed on various materials with various techniques. For example, the paper rubbed and then colored, and then covered with a pair of prints on another sheet of paper to top-print the texture of the folds; the use of scrapers in the thick cardboard coated with pigment scraping and the formation of the random texture of varying shades and thickness; screen or lace covered in paper, and then the use of spray paint and brush smear, with the fabric weave to form texture.
(5) Cartoon Animation Pattern
Cartoon carpet patterns products are mainly associated with children’s life, such as images in cartoons, words, children’s paintings, toys, small animals, Christmas and other subjects will be expressed in such patterns. Carpet design often involves children’s rooms, children’s play space, children’s theme display windows, and other projects, choosing the right pattern of carpet products is the focus of the performance of this type of space feature.
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